What to Recite

While Standing

While Sitting

Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe, the most Kind, the most Merciful

Prayer is a unique training and developmental program which, if well and devotedly performed, can achieve for Muslims many valuable physical, ethical and spiritual gains such as cleanliness, health, order, punctuality, brotherhood, equality, social unity,… etc. This is a basic guide for new muslims or youth who don't yet know how to perform a salah (prayer) or any surahs (Quranic verses) to recite during salah. This guide will teach you the fundamentals of salah and common surahs to memorize. You can read the English transliteration of Arabic verses and their meaning. You can also listen to the the original recitation. It is essential to start learning the prayer in arabic with the correct pronounciation , so that salah can be performed in the proper manner.

This website is by no means an elaborate resource on salah, further research is recommended to study the salah under other conditions, such as travel, sickness etc. There are useful links provided in the More Info page to help you assist in expanding your knowledge.
Salah is the obligatory prayer and is the pillar of our religion, it is one of the most important ways to show devotion and obedience to Allah therefore how to perform salah should be learned without loosing any time. A novice is probably going to make mistakes at the beginning but he or she should not get discouraged and keep on learning, after all Allah is the all merciful and knows what is in the hearts of everyone thus the efforts spent in this direction is never going to get wasted. If you don’t know any surahs to recite you can start practicing the movements while praying in english. After having memorised the english meaning the first surah to be learnt should be the Fatiha (since it must be recited at every rakat of every prayer).

What is Rakat (Raka'at or Rakah)?


There are five required daily prayers for every muslim. Each prayer consists of repeating sequences, every sequence has individual units called rakat. Each Rakat is very similar to each other except some minor details. Let's take a loot at how a Rakat is formed.

prayer units

As you see one rakat consists of standing, bowing and prostrating positions. Depending on whether that is the first, second or last rakat of the prayer we either sit or stand after prostration. These are explained in more detail in the How to Pray page.

What is Fard?


There are 5 daily prayers and a total of 17 obligatory (Fard) rakat. Fard is an Arabic world, which means compulsory or obligatory. The Five daily prayer i.e., Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are obligatory prayers. It is a sin to intentionally skip a Fard Prayer. If a prayer is missed because of forgetfulness or due to some unavoidable circumstances, then offering the missed Prayer as soon as possible will rectify this mistake.

Note: The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, offered extra Rakat of Prayer in addition to those of Fard Prayers. These are called Sunnah Prayers. It is considered necessary by all jurists to offer these prayers. The willful neglect of Sunnah Prayers is censurable in the sight of Allah. This site teaches only how to perform Fard (obligatory, Farz) prayers.

The daily number of Farz and Sunnah prayers are as follows;

To learn how to perform Sunnah Prayers and Witr Prayers please visit the More Infolink.

Al Fatiha The Opening

Bismil l-Allahi-r rahmani-r raheem – Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil 'alameen – Ar rahma nir-raheem Maliki yawmid-deen – Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een – Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem – Siratal Lazeena an'amta 'alayhim – Ghai-ril maghdubi 'alayhim – Walad dal-leen. Ameen

Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe – The most Kind, the most Merciful – The master of the Day of Judgement – You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help – Show us the straight way – The way of those whom you have blessed – Who have not deserved your anger – Nor gone astray.