What to Recite

While Standing

While Sitting

How to perform a 2 Rakat prayer

Step 1 :: Preparation

Preparing for prayer includes cleaning yourself, wearing clean clothes, and finding a clean and pure place to pray.

  • Perform the Wudu(Ablution), or the Ghusl(Major Ablution), depending on your requirement.
  • Wear clean clothes. Men should cover at least the part of their body between the navel and the knees, but it is preferable to wear a (preferably long sleeved) shirt. The lower garment must extend to below the knees, but must the above the ankles.
  • Pray in a clean place. The place where you pray must be clean and pure. If you are not sure whether the ground is clean or not, spread a clean cover over it.
  • Stand to face the Qibla. The Qibla is the direction towards the Holy Kaaba. You can use this site to find the right direction to face according to your location throughout the world. You must be looking towards the spot where your head will touch the ground during the Sajdah, and your feet must be evenly spaced and as wide as your shoulders at most.

Step 2 :: Intention & Takbir

Step 3 :: Standing Upright

Perform Qiyam. Qiyam is where you stand up and remain alone with Allah, the most beneficient the most merciful.

Step 4 :: Ruku Ė Bowing

  • Perform Ruk'u. The ruku is basically a bow. You unfold your hands and bow, then placing your hands on your knees. In this bowing posture menís back is horizontal while women suppose to bend their back only far enough to touch their knees. Looking from far it will look like a bow arc. They wonít flatten their back. Say Alla-hu Akbar as you perform this step. When you are in ruku, recite Sub-hana Rabbi-al 'adheem thrice.
  • Rise up. Rise from the bow, while reciting Sami 'allah hu liman hamida. Rab-bana lakal hamd.

Step 5 :: Prostration & Sitting

  • Perform Prostration(Sajdah). Say Alla-hu Akbar and prostrate, placing your forehead, palms, and knees on the ground. The bases of both feet's fingers need to touch the ground. In Sajdah, menís back portion is raised from ground and hands apart from body and fingers of feet twisted while women suppose to be gathered in a way so that all their body parts are close together and abdomen placed over her thighs.Both feet and ankles sticking out to the right. Lower portion of back touching the ground. A woman's elbows may touch the ground, but men must keep their elbows raised above the ground. Recite Sub-hana Rabbi yal a'lathrice.
  • Rise to a sitting position, saying Alla-hu Akbar. When you are in this position, you must keep your eyes at your lap. Men turn up the heel, and bend the toes, of the right foot. Women keep both their feet, soles up, under their body.
  • Prostrate again, saying Alla-hu Akbar. The second prostration is identical to the first one. Say Sub-hana Rabbi yal a'lathrice.
  • Rise up to proceed to the next Rakat, saying Alla-hu Akbar

Step 6 :: Completion

  • The second Rakat is identical to the beginning of the first Rakat(as explained in Step 3) but without saying Takbir. This time say only Bismillahir rahmanir rahim and then recite Al-Fatiha and one of the commonly recited surahs; Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Asr, Surah Al-Qadr.
  • If you are performing only two Rakats, then this is the last Rakat. After the second prostration, stay in a sitting position and recite the Tahiyat and then the Salawat and then complete the prayer with Salaam(peace) by looking over your right shoulder (saluting the angel who records your good deeds) and saying As-salamu 'alaykum wa rah-matul lah and then looking over your left shoulder (saluting the angel who records your wrongful deeds) and saying the same.
  • If you are performing more than two Rakats go to next step.

Step 7 :: More than two Rakat

  • If you are performing more than two Rakats, do not say the Salawat or the Salaam, but rise after saying the Tahiyat and Salawat and proceed to the next Rakat. The third Rakat is performed just like the second one except do not recite a surah after Al Fatiha and you rise directly after the second prostration without saying the Tahiyat or Salaam, unless it is your last Rakat. After your last Rakat, complete the prayer after the second prostration by reciting the Tahiyat, Salawat and Salaam, as described in the step above.
  • Note: In the farz prayers, the first two rak'at are performed as stated above.In any Rakats after that, during the Qiyam, only the Surah Al-Fatiha is recited, and is not followed by a short portion of the Holy Qur'an.
    In the three witr Rakat for the Isha' prayer, the first two are performed as stated above. In the third Rakat, after reciting a short portion of the Qur'an in the Qiyam, say Alla-hu Akbar and raise your hands to your ears (chest for women), as in the Takbiratul Ihram, and then lower and fold them. Then, say the Dua-e-Qunut. After that, bow and prostrate as usual.