Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe, the most Kind, the most Merciful

Prayer is a unique training and developmental program. If it is routinely and devotedly performed, can achieve for Muslims many valuable physical, ethical and spiritual gains. Such as cleanliness, health, order, punctuality, brotherhood, equality, social unity,… etc. This is a basic guide for new muslims or youth who don't yet know how to perform a salah (prayer) or any surahs (Quranic verses) to recite during salah.

This guide will teach you the fundamentals of salah and common surahs to memorize. You can read the English transliteration of Arabic verses and their meaning. You can also listen to the the original recitation. It is essential to start learning the prayer in arabic, so that salah can be performed in the proper manner.

If you don’t know any surahs to recite you can start practicing the movements while praying in english. After having memorised the english meaning, the first surah to be learnt should be the Al-Fatiha (since it must be recited at every rakat of every prayer).

Salah is the obligatory prayer and is the pillar of our religion. It is one of the most important ways to show devotion and obedience to Allah therefore how to perform salah should be learned without loosing any time. A beginner is probably going to make mistakes at the beginning but he or she should not get discouraged and keep on learning. After all Allah is the all merciful and knows what is in the hearts of everyone thus the efforts spent in this direction is never going to get wasted.

What is Rakah (Raka'at or Rakat)?


There are five required daily prayers for every muslim. Each prayer consists of repeating sequences, every sequence has individual units called Rakah. Each Rakah is very similar to each other except some minor details. Let's take a look at how a Rakah is formed.

First Rakah



As you see one rakat consists of standing, bowing and prostrating positions. Depending on whether that is the first, second or last rakat of the prayer we either sit or stand after prostration. These are explained in more detail in the How to Pray page.

Second Rakah


What is Fardh Prayer?

There are 5 daily prayers and a total of 17 obligatory (Fardh) rakat. Fardh is an Arabic world, which means compulsory or obligatory. The Five daily prayer i.e., Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are obligatory prayers.

Morning
& Fajr

2 Rakat

Noon
& Duhr

4 Rakat

Afternoon
& Asr

2 Rakat

Sunset
& Maghrib

3 Rakat

Night
& Isha

4 Rakat

What is Sunnah Prayers?

The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, offered extra Rakat of Prayer in addition to those of Fard Prayers. These are called Sunnah Prayers. It is considered necessary by all jurists to offer these prayers. The willful neglect of Sunnah Prayers is censurable in the sight of Allah. This site teaches only how to perform Fard (obligatory, Farz) prayers.

The daily number of Farz and Sunnah prayers;

Morning
& Fajr

The total number of rakats in Fajr

2 Rakat Sunnah
2 Rakat Fard

Noon
& Duhr

The number of rakats in Duhr

4 Rakat Sunnah
4 Rakat Fard
4 Rakat Sunnah

Afternoon
& Asr

The total number of rakats in Asr

4 Rakat Sunnah
4 Rakat Fard

Sunset
& Maghrib

Number of rakats in Maghrib

3 Rakat Fard
2 Rakat Sunnah

Night
& Isha

The total number of rakats in Isha

4 Rakat Sunnah
4 Rakat Fard
2 Rakat Sunnah
3 Rakat Vitr

Al Fatiha - The Opening

Bismil l-Allahi-r rahmani-r raheem – Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil 'alameen – Ar rahma nir-raheem Maliki yawmid-deen – Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een – Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem – Siratal Lazeena an'amta 'alayhim – Ghai-ril maghdubi 'alayhim – Walad dal-leen. Ameen
Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe – The most Kind, the most Merciful – The master of the Day of Judgement – You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help – Show us the straight way – The way of those whom you have blessed – Who have not deserved your anger – Nor gone astray.